In addition, the eastbound span of the I-10 bridge over the Pascagoula River estuary was damaged. [10] The hurricane subsequently weakened due to another eyewall replacement cycle, and Katrina made its second landfall at 1110 UTC on August 29, as a Category 3 hurricane with sustained winds of 125 mph (205 km/h), near Buras-Triumph, Louisiana. In the weeks after the storm, with the connectivity of the coastal U.S. Highway 90 shattered, traffic traveling parallel to the coast was reduced first to State Road 11 (parallel to I-10) then to two lanes on the remaining I-10 span when it was opened. [112], Overall, a number of arrests were made throughout the affected area, including some near the New Orleans Convention Center. BFMTV. Conditions in the auditorium began to deteriorate, so on September 1, the first 100 medically ill patients were taken by helicopter to Baton Rouge. Consulté le 18 septembre 2011 [44][46] However, 135 people remain categorized as missing in Louisiana,[46] and many of the deaths are indirect, but it is almost impossible to determine the exact cause of some of the fatalities. Multiple investigations in the aftermath of the storm concluded that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which had designed and built the region's levees decades earlier, was responsible for the failure of the flood-control systems,[6] though federal courts later ruled that the Corps could not be held financially liable because of sovereign immunity in the Flood Control Act of 1928. In the months after the storm, many of the missing were tracked down by searching flooded homes, tracking credit card records, and visiting homes of family and relatives. [73] The Convention Center was completely evacuated by September 4. [82], On September 3, some 42,000 evacuees were evacuated from New Orleans, including those remaining in the Superdome and Convention Center. Most of the city's major roads were damaged. On August 27, it moved its personnel out of the New Orleans region prior to the mandatory evacuation. Brown claimed that Governor Blanco resisted their efforts and was unhelpful. One such proposal is to avoid rebuilding on flooded lands, instead restoring acres of wetlands to profit from the economic wealth. [123] The Department of Defense also activated volunteer members of the Civil Air Patrol. A sizable contingent of National Guard arrived on September 2 to establish order and provide essential provisions, and on September 3, buses began arriving at the convention center to pick up the refugees there. These guards allegedly assaulted the prisoners during this time. [50], Additional acts of unrest occurred following the storm, particularly with the New Orleans Police Department. There were inmates who were serving weekend time due to public intoxication all the way to convicted murderers. The advanced state of decomposition of many corpses, some of which were left in the water or sun for days before being collected, hindered efforts by coroners to identify many of the dead. It had most of its windows blown out and suffered ceiling tile and light fixture damage from the strong winds caused by Katrina. [6] According to a report published in August 2015 in the official journal of the World Water Council, the Corps misinterpreted the results of a 1985 study and wrongly concluded that sheet piles in the flood walls needed to be driven to depths of only 17 feet (5 m) instead of between 31 and 46 feet (9 and 14 m). [102] While New Orleans has made numerous efforts in rebuilding their economy, and has been successful with tourist-attracting events such as Mardi Gras, the natural capital provided could further assist the city in returning to its pre-Katrina wealth and economy. Vigdor, Jacob, "The Economic Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina," 'The Journal of Economic Perspectives' 22 (2008): 148. "[106], History of New Orleans’ Law Enforcement Offices. While some criminal acts did occur, such as the emptying of an entire Walmart,[43] many reports were also exaggerated, inflated, or simply fabricated. Vigdor, Jacob, "The Economic Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina," 'The Journal of Economic Perspectives' 22 (2008): 149. [citation needed]. Belgium sent in a team of relief personnel. The United States Northern Command established Joint Task Force (JTF) Katrina based out of Camp Shelby, Mississippi, to act as the military's on-scene response on Sunday, August 28, with US Army Lieutenant General Russel L. Honoré as commander. [50] In the Superdome, for example, the New Orleans sex crimes unit investigated every report of rape or atrocity and found only two verifiable incidents, both of sexual assault. Un Équipe d'intervention spéciale de la patrouille frontalière des recherches sur une pièce par la chambre d'hôtel à New Orleans en réponse à l'ouragan Katrina. [25] Broadcasting and publishing on the Internet became an important means of distributing information to evacuees and the rest of the world, with news networks citing blogs like Interdictor and Gulfsails for reports of what was happening in the city. Following Katrina, many said that the hurricane had greater impact on black and less economically privileged people than it had on predominantly white and wealthier people. Since Hurricane Katrina, Amtrak's Sunset Limited service has never been restored past New Orleans. [140][141][142][143] Kuwait made the largest single pledge, $500 million; other large donations were made by Qatar and the United Arab Emirates (each $100 million), South Korea ($30 million), Australia ($10 million), India, China (both $5 million), New Zealand ($2 million),[144] Pakistan ($1.5 million),[145] Norway ($1.8 million),[146] and Bangladesh ($1 million).[147]. The hurricane made its final landfall near the mouth of the Pearl River, with the eye straddling St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, and Hancock County, Mississippi, on the morning of August 29 at about 9:45M CST. Canada, Mexico, Singapore, and Germany sent supplies, relief personnel (like Technisches Hilfswerk), troops, ships and water pumps to aid in the disaster recovery. [124] This was refused by Governor Blanco who indicated that her National Guard could manage. [115][116][117], Within the United States and as delineated in the National Response Plan, disaster response and planning is first and foremost a local government responsibility. [27] The 24-mile (39 km) long Lake Pontchartrain Causeway escaped unscathed but was only carrying emergency traffic.[28]. Ray Nagin, qui était maire de La Nouvelle-Orléans lors du passage de l'ouragan Katrina, a été condamné à dix ans de prison pour des pots-de-vin liés à la reconstruction de la ville. Other factors may have contributed to the flooding. [181], Because of the large death toll and destruction of property along the Gulf Coast, the name Katrina was officially retired on April 6, 2006, by the World Meteorological Organization at the request of the U.S. government. Eight people had died. The major levee breaches in the city included breaches at the 17th Street Canal levee, the London Avenue Canal, and the wide, navigable Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, which left approximately 80% of New Orleans flooded. All local television stations were disrupted. After the situation in New Orleans was brought under control, criminal activity in New Orleans dropped significantly. Some concern over the availability and readiness of the Louisiana National Guard to help stabilize the security situation was raised. "[17] However, during the testimony by former Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) chief Michael Brown before a U.S. House subcommittee on September 26, Representative Stephen Buyer (R-IN) inquired as to why President Bush's declaration of state of emergency of August 27 had not included the coastal parishes of Orleans, Jefferson, and Plaquemines. While New Orleans has built the world’s most expensive flood control system in the space of a few years, it will take decades to restore a faction of the lost wetlands under a $50 billion state plan that seeks to reclaim 580 to 800 square miles of marsh in 50 years. In that event, the wind was predicted to come from the north as the storm passed, forcing large volumes of water from Lake Pontchartrain against the levees and possibly into the city. The French offer was also declined and requested later. These prisoners were left by guards and deputies alike in the prison with chest high water and no food or water. Most evacuees had stayed within 250 miles (400 km), but 240,000 households went to Houston and other cities over 250 miles (400 km) away and another 60,000 households went over 750 miles (1,200 km) away. The convention center's president (who was there with a small group of convention center employees at this time) addressed the crowd near dark, informing them that there was no food, water, medical care, or other services. Cuba and Venezuela (both considered as hostile to US government interest) were the first countries to offer assistance, pledging over $1 million, several mobile hospitals, water treatment plants, canned food, bottled water, heating oil, 1,100 doctors and 26.4 metric tons of medicine, though this aid was rejected by the U.S. Chertoff designated Michael D. Brown, head of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, as the Principal Federal Official to lead the deployment and coordination of all federal response resources and forces in the Gulf Coast region. [25] Shelters were opened across the region. Plus que 40,000 maison avait du inondation By four weeks after the storm, evacuees had been registered in all 50 states and in 18,700 zip codes—half of the nation's residential postal zones. [125] Additionally, President Bush enlisted the help of former presidents Bill Clinton and George H. W. Bush to raise additional voluntary contributions, much as they did after the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. In one conference, he stated, "I do not think anyone can tell you with confidence right now whether the levees will be topped or not, but that's obviously a very, very great concern. A number of streets and bridges were washed away. After the hurricane made landfall, most of the city's power was affected, which caused the prison to lose power as well. The next day the government backed down and reversed the ban. [14] Lack of clean water was predicted to "make human suffering incredible by modern standards. [176] The cellular phone antenna network was severely damaged and completely inoperable for several months. New Orleans is infamous for its spooky past, filled with tales of voodoo, vampires, ghosts, and witches. [118], Some disaster recovery response to Katrina began before the storm, with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) preparations that ranged from logistical supply deployments to a mortuary team with refrigerated trucks. Telephone and power lines were damaged and around 8,000 people were evacuated in the Pinar del Río Province. Commercial cargo flights resumed on September 10, and commercial passenger service resumed on September 13.[30]. [62] However, access to downtown New Orleans and the "shelter of last resort" at the Convention Center was never closed because River Road in Jefferson Parish and Leake Avenue and Tchoupitoulas Street in New Orleans were not flooded, and would have allowed access throughout the immediate post-storm emergency period. [70] Roughly 475 buses were provided by FEMA to transport evacuees, with the entire operation taking 2–3 days. [187] Katrina was also the earliest eleventh named storm in the Atlantic until Tropical Storm Kyle surpassed it on August 14, 2020, beating Katrina by 10 days, as it was named on August 24, 2005. Since the storm surge produced by the hurricane's right-front quadrant (containing the strongest winds) was forecast to be 28 feet (8.5 m), while the levees offered protection to 23 feet (7.0 m), emergency management officials in New Orleans feared that the storm surge could go over the tops of levees protecting the city, causing major flooding. The organization's immediate response to Hurricane Katrina included more than 5.7 million hot meals and about 8.3 million sandwiches, snacks, and drinks served in and around New Orleans. After briefly weakening to tropical storm strength over southern Florida, Katrina emerged into the Gulf of Mexico on August 26 and began to rapidly intensify. Because of the extensive damage Katrina caused to Six Flags New Orleans, which included flooding and corroded roller-coaster tracks, the theme park eventually became abandoned and was not repaired because it would be too expensive and the park was not very profitable. The inmates endured these living conditions for three to five days before being relocated by officials. A number of local law enforcement agents from across the country were temporarily deputized by the state. There were many inmates who passed out due to dehydration. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers submitted the report to the U.S. Congress for consideration, planning, and response in mid-2009. Some experts said that it could take six months or longer to pump all the water out of the city.[15]. The official public website of the New Orleans District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Some hotels and hospitals reported diesel fuel shortages. For website corrections, write to On September 3, 2005, Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff described the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina as "probably the worst catastrophe or set of catastrophes," in the country's history, referring to the hurricane itself plus the flooding of New Orleans. [80] Gusty winds downed some trees and power lines, though damage was minimal. Hurricane Katrina Exhibit - New Orleans Presbytere New Orleans has an average elevation of six feet below sea level, which puts the city at risk for flooding during heavy rainstorms. Additionally, hundreds of homes and businesses suffered flood damage. Elements of the 82nd Airborne Division arrived in New Orleans September 3. Biloxi, on a peninsula between the Back Bay and the coast, was particularly hard hit, especially the low-lying Point Cadet area. The only route out of the city was east to the West Bank of New Orleans on the Crescent City Connection bridge. Katrina is moving toward the north near 16 mph, and maximum sustained winds are near 125 mph, with higher gusts. These newcomers have had the effect of driving up housing prices, making rent less affordable for the majority of black residents. [72] The neologism Katrinagate was coined to refer to this controversy, and was a runner-up for "2005 word of the year. Svoj put uragan je nastavio u Meksičkom zaljevu gdje je dobio na snazi. [89] Survivors could also face long-term health risks due to prolonged exposure to the petrochemical tainted flood waters and mosquito-borne diseases such as yellow fever, malaria, and West Nile fever. [97], Katrina also had a profound impact on the environment. [11] Each prosecutor was only paid $30,000 starting off and the public defenders only $29,000. [84] The order was given not only as an attempt to restore law and order but also out of concern about the hazardous living conditions in the city. Local television stations and newspapers moved quickly to sister locations in nearby cities. Katrina has also stimulated significant research in the academic community into urban planning, real estate finance, and economic issues in the wake of a natural disaster.[6]. The major levee breaches in the city included breaches at the 17th Street Canal levee, the London Avenue Canal, and the wide, navigable Industrial Canal, which left approximately 80% of the city flooded.[61]. Several news organizations went on to issue retractions. By September 4, a temporary communications hub was set up at the Hyatt Hotel in downtown New Orleans. [71] While there were also early reports of fatalities amid mayhem at the Superdome, only six deaths were confirmed there, with four of these originating from natural causes, one from a drug overdose, and one a suicide. ", Blanton, Carla; Goins, Michael; Whitaker, Jodi. Later developments that eventually extended to nearby Lake Pontchartrain were built on fill to bring them above the average lake level. Baggage equipment was used as gurneys to transport people from the flight line to the hospital, which was set up in the airport terminal. Storm surge breached the levees of the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal ("MR-GO") in approximately 20 places and flooded all of Saint Bernard Parish, the east bank of Plaquemines Parish and the historic Lower Ninth Ward. The first television pictures out of New Orleans shown on national TV were from Houston's ABC owned and operated KTRK which flew its helicopter to New Orleans in the days after the storm. Multiple children's hospitals around the United States including Arkansas Children's Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital, Children's of Alabama, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Cook Children's Medical Center, and Children's Mercy Kansas City sent helicopters, fixed wing aircraft, ambulances, and personnel to Tulane Medical Center, Ochsner, and CHNOLA in order to help evacuate pediatric patients from the hospital.[93][94][95]. There were two indirect fatalities from Katrina in Walton County as a result of a traffic accident. Several bridges were destroyed, including the I-10 Twin Span Bridge connecting Slidell to New Orleans.

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